한국인 다빈도 섭취 과일의 영양관련 지수 분석
유지현1, 임정은2, 임현정1.3, 조여원1.3
경희대학교 동서의학대학원 의학영양학과, 창원대학교 자연과학대학 식품영양학과, 경희대학교 임상영양연구소
Fruits are good sources of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytochemicals, which are known to reduce serum lipids, oxidative damage, and blood pressure as well as improve blood glucose control. The purpose of this study was to estimate nutirient quality indices of fruits by carrying out a critical analysis of pre-existing methods according to their nutritional compositions. Four methods were used to assess the nutrient indices of 26 fruits, which are frequently consumed by Koreans based on the fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009). Naturally nutrient rich score(NNR) nutrient rich food (NRF), nutrient adequacy score (NAS), and nutirient density score(NDS) were used to calculate nutrient quality indices. The Korean Nutrition Society Food Composition database of fruits based on 100g edible portions was used. The algorithm of each method included the mean percentage of daily values (Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans, 2010) for particular nutrients based on consumption of 1,900kcal/day. The relative score indicated that strawberries kumquat, and lemon had high nuritient quality indices. In addition, mango, lemon, persimmon, strawberry, apricot, and tangerine fruits are rich in antioxidant nutrients such as beta carotene, vitamin, vitamin E and seleniu. However, score of nutirient quality indices did not imply that higher scores of particular fruits are superior. We suggest moderate seasonable consumption a variety of fruits. Our results can be used as a reference for consumers when they choose fruits.